Nam June Paik
Nam June Paik (1932-2006) worked with a variety of media and is considered to be the first video artist. After a training as a classical pianist, Paik moved to Germany to study music history in Munich. There he met with Karlheinz Stockhausen, John Cage and Joseph Beuys, who inspired him to work in the field of electronic art. Paik's work is represented in all major museums around the world. In 2008, the Nam June Paik Art Center opened in Gyeonggi-do, close to the Korean capital Seoul. Paik's work also appeared in important group exhibitions such as São Paulo Biennale (1975), Whitney Biennial (1977, 1981, 1983, 1987, and 1989), documenta 6 and 8 (1977 and 1987), and Biennale di Venezia (1984 and 1993).